|Artists in the workforce : 1990-2005 : executive summary - Gaquin, Deirdre|
Title from cover
Keywords: Artists; Arts; Occupational surveys
|Montana OIS feasibility study : final report (Volume 1981) - Program Resources, Inc|
Keywords: Occupations; Occupational surveys; Occupations
|Montana supply/demand executive summary (Volume 1990) - Montana State Occupational Information Coordinating Committee|
Keywords: Stephens, Stan; Occupational surveys; Occupations; Occupations
|Montana occupational employment statistics : industry staffing patterns for the construction and mining industry : 3rd quarter 1978 (Volume 1980) - Montana. Employment Security Division. Research and Analysis Section|
"Issued February, 1980."
Keywords: Construction industry; Mineral industries; Employees; Occupational surveys
|ERIC ED294228: National Survey of New Zealand Journalists. A Summary Report. - ERIC|
In order to develop strategies for training future journalists, the New Zealand Council for Educational Research sponsored a survey of all journalists in all branches of the profession in New Zealand in 1987. The response rate was over 46%; 1,249 New Zealand journalists returned the survey. Major findings revealed that: (1) the proportion of female journalists is steadily increasing; (2) journalism continues to be a "young" profession; (3) less than 5% of the respondents were members of ethnic m...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Foreign Countries; Journalism; Journalism Education; Occupational Surveys
|ERIC ED258237: Ethical Dilemmas and Modern Journalists. - ERIC|
In a study to examine journalistic integrity, two recent surveys answered by a combined total of 1,936 American journalists requested responses to questions as well as to specific hypothetical ethical dilemmas. In Survey A (conducted in 1983), questions were structured to provide information on beliefs and/or news media policy in four categories of potential journalistic ethical problems: (1) gifts, favors, and free travel; (2) outside activities; (3) journalistic contests; and (4) news judgment...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Ethics; Journalism; Moral Values; News Media; News Reporting; Occupational Surveys
|ERIC ED309549: The California CBO: The 1987-88 Profile of Chief Business Officials in California Public Schools, Kindergarten through Grade Twelve. - ERIC|
This report describes the results of a survey designed to provide descriptions of chief business officials (CBOs): their personal characteristics, their career paths, and their preparation. All chief business officials in California K-12 school districts and in offices of county superintendents of schools received questionnaires regarding the CBO position; 662 responses were returned. With regard to personal characteristics, the findings revealed that the CBO in California school districts is a ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Elementary Secondary Education; Occupational Surveys; Profiles; School Business Officials
|ERIC ED308208: Interpreting Nonresponse in Survey Research: Methodological Heresy? - ERIC|
A study is proposed that seeks to use the normally problematic factor of non-response to a survey in a positive way in order to estimate certain characteristics of a population subgroup. A longitudinal database, the Scientific and Technical Personnel Data System (STPDS) measures the educational, demographic, and employment characteristics of the nation's scientists and engineers. An examination of response trends for STPDS surveys reveals that response rates for foreign-born scientists and engin...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Engineers; Evaluation Methods; Occupational Surveys; Research Methodology; Research Projects; Scientists; Surveys; Test Interpretation
|ERIC ED306616: The Generation of Story Ideas: An Exploratory Study of Gatekeeping in Local Television News. - ERIC|
A study examined the possible sources for story ideas within a local television newsroom, with a special emphasis on the role of the reporter. Fifteen newscasts, comprising 227 stories that appeared on early evening newscasts of the three network affiliated television stations in Memphis, Tennessee, were coded for the original source for each story idea. A questionnaire distributed to all reporters and news managers at the three stations probed various attitudes and skills behind the generation ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Broadcast Television; Content Analysis; Information Sources; News Media; News Reporting; Occupational Surveys; Questionnaires
|ERIC ED306620: Bridging the Technology of Telecommunications into Business Communication. - ERIC|
A survey of companies using telecommunications equipment investigated the distribution of channel selection and the use of external mail distribution systems. A total of 50 companies responded to the survey, which identified 12 telecommunications systems and seven external mail distribution systems. Results indicated that the four most popular telecommunication systems (listed in decreasing order) were data modems, key telephone systems, facsimile, and computer-to-computer data transmission...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Business Communication; Communication Research; Electronic Mail; Facsimile Transmission; Modems; Occupational Surveys; Telephone Communications Systems
|ERIC ED306613: Impact of Long-Term Communication Training on Managerial Style and Perceptions of Organization. - ERIC|
A study examined the impact of a working commitment to corporate communication and corporate communication education on perceptions of management and managerial style and the more general perceptions of the organization. Subjects, 15 male mid-level managers at a large southeastern chemical plant that had in place a continuing corporate communication education program, were surveyed for their perceptions of organizational behavior...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Corporate Education; Leadership Styles; Management Development; Occupational Surveys; Organizational Climate; Organizational Communication
|ERIC ED309480: Ethics and the Exercise of Responsibility among Entrepreneurs in New Ad Agencies. - ERIC|
To seek insight into the ethical and risk-taking orientations of advertising agency entrepreneurs, a study focused on the impact of these orientations on the entrepreneur's practices and perceptions of responsibility surrounding client legal services. Subjects, 152 entrepreneurs at 152 start-up agencies (defined as having six or fewer employees and being less than three years old), participated in a phone interview...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Advertising; Business Responsibility; Communication Research; Entrepreneurship; Ethics; Legal Aid; Occupational Surveys; Small Businesses
|ERIC ED290541: Salary Surveys: How to Conduct One in Your Community and Child Care Staff Salary and Working Conditions Survey. - ERIC|
Intended for use by child care advocates, this booklet describes ways to gather local information about existing salaries, benefits, and working conditions among child care workers for the purpose of coordinating efforts to upgrade the field. The booklet begins by presenting the rationale behind conducting salary surveys, noting that surveys can open up discusssion on wages; are crucial for the setting up of child care program budgets; can be used to help solicit community support; and can raise...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Child Care Occupations; Child Caregivers; Day Care; Early Childhood Education; Occupational Surveys; Wages
|ERIC ED322025: Profile of a Museum Registrar: CASE Research Project 7-78. - ERIC|
This book represents the first independent research study directed toward the educational needs and interests of museum registrars to be undertaken by a university in collaboration with a nationally recognized museum. The study's primary objective was to provide data to be used for the development of materials and methods in the training and education of museum registrars. Designed to encourage museum registrars to express how they view themselves in relation to their work was mailed to 434 muse...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Needs; Museums; Occupational Surveys; Personnel Data; Profiles; Questionnaires; Research Projects
|ERIC ED300407: Construction and Analysis of Organization Climate Surveys. Training and Development Research Center Project No. 26. - ERIC|
Climate surveys are an important diagnostic tool in organization development. The purposes of this paper are to: (1) present the advantages and disadvantages of using a survey as a diagnostic tool, as compared to interviewing, observation, and the use of secondary (preexisting and non-intrusive) information; (2) argue for customized climate surveys rather than standardized ones; (3) provide a rationale for the format to be used in constructing a climate survey; (4) provide an extensive set of qu...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Employee Attitudes; Occupational Surveys; Organizational Climate; Surveys; Test Construction; Test Interpretation
|ERIC ED349567: How Management Training Relates to Newspaper Editors' Professional Commitment. - ERIC|
The purpose of this study was to determine whether increased amounts of management training for newspaper editors correlated positively with higher levels of professional commitment. Subjects, 313 (of 500) newspaper editors working at 123 U.S. daily newspapers that were part of the Gannett, Knight-Ridder, or Scripps-Howard chains, responded to a questionnaire that dealt with amount of management training experience, level of commitment, and various demographics...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Correlation; Editors; Job Satisfaction; Management Development; Newspapers; Occupational Surveys; Professional Training; Salaries
|ERIC ED357364: Professional Development Issues for Community College English Faculty. - ERIC|
A study examined the methods by which English faculty in Virginia's community colleges keep abreast of new developments in their fields, the effectiveness of their methods, and steps that the Virginia Community College System (VCCS) might take to enhance professional development. Personal interviews were conducted with English faculty at local universities, face-to-face and telephone interviews were conducted with a selective sample of community college faculty, and telephone interviews were con...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Faculty; Collegiality; Community Colleges; English Instruction; Occupational Surveys; Professional Development; Two Year Colleges
|ERIC ED341088: The Non-Forensics After-Life of a Forensics Director. - ERIC|
A study investigated the personal and career choices that motivate an educator's departure from active involvement in forensics activities, and what trends, if any, exist concerning what former directors do in place of forensics. The study also investigated how forensics participation as a coach/director impacted on the individual, and what suggestions these individuals might have for change in the forensic activity itself...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Career Change; Communication Research; Debate; Higher Education; Occupational Surveys; Persuasive Discourse; Teacher Attitudes
|ERIC ED352698: Occupational Stress and Burnout in Educational Administration. - ERIC|
Stress intrigues and plagues academic and practicing school administrators alike. This paper profiles McGrath's (1976) social-psychological stress process which consists of four stages, and Gmelch's (1988) similar four-stage cycle. A study investigated the relationship between Stage I and Stage IV of the four-stage stress cycle and the influence of an intervening variable, sex roles, on each of the two stages...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Burnout; Educational Administration; Elementary Secondary Education; Occupational Surveys; Principals; Sex Role; Stress Variables; Superintendents
|ERIC ED309431: Debunking the Mutilated Boy: A Study of Newspaper Editors and an Inflammatory Rumor. - ERIC|
A study examined how newspaper editors resolve issues relating to rumors--that is whether to cover stories which may turn out to be false. The "mutilated boy" rumor was chosen for its antiquity and endurance, its powerful theme, and its ability to create intense anxiety in a community. Thirty-three of the 86 editors who responded to the questionnaires reported encounters with the "mutilated boy" or similar rumors...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Editors; Journalism; News Reporting; Newspapers; Occupational Surveys; Questionnaires; Social Responsibility
|ERIC ED329830: Why Are Employees Leaving the Federal Government? Results of an Exit Survey. A Report to the President and the Congress of the United States. A Special Study. - ERIC|
The success of virtually every endeavor of the Federal Government depends on the skills, abilities, and motivations of its work force. Yet recent years have seen increasing concern about the quality of the Federal work force and the Government's ability to retain its most capable employees. In any given year, the Government loses nearly 120,000 full-time, permanent, white-collar employees. Knowing about the reasons for leaving is an important first step in developing policies or programs that wi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Employee Attitudes; Employment Patterns; Employment Statistics; Federal Government; Labor Turnover; Occupational Surveys
|ERIC ED373992: Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States: 1991. Surveys of Science Resource Series. - ERIC|
This report presents data on the demographic and employment characteristics of doctoral scientists and engineers in the United States. This 1991 survey is different from prior surveys in this series in that it represents an interest to accommodate an age-based cohort policy in retirement patterns and to make the sample frame compatible with other National Science Foundation surveys of science and engineering personnel...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Doctoral Degrees; Engineers; Higher Education; Occupational Surveys; Science Education; Scientists
|ERIC ED283158: Covering Religion News at Daily Newspapers. - ERIC|
A study surveyed the religion news reporters at daily newspapers in all circulation classes to assess the current state of the religion beat. Mail surveys were completed by 141 newspapers. Information concerning the following areas was solicited: (1) demographic characteristics (respondent's age, sex, religious preference), (2) staffing arrangements (respondent's title, supervisor's title, amount of time devoted to religion news coverage), (3) allocation of space, and (4) news-gathering practice...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Media Research; News Media; News Reporting; Newspapers; Occupational Surveys; Religion
|ERIC ED202014: Who Is Qualified to Teach Business Communications. - ERIC|
Eighty-six instructors of business communication at four-year institutions responded to a survey designed to determine (1) who teaches business communication, (2) what courses were offered, (3) which departments offered business communication courses, (4) class sizes, (5) number of assignments given, (6) number of instructors involved in publishing and consulting, and (7) the qualifications of business communication instructors...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Business Communication; Educational Research; Higher Education; Occupational Surveys; Teacher Qualifications; Teaching Conditions
|ERIC ED269805: Non-Whites in California Newsrooms: A Study of Hiring Patterns of Selected Newspapers. - ERIC|
Prompted by a report of the American Society of Newspaper Editors (ASNE), which noted a correlation between regional minority population and newsroom employment, a study investigated the hiring patterns of 24 small and medium-sized California dailies. California was chosen because it has one of the highest non-white populations in the nation (about 25% of the state's 26 million). Newspaper editors, publishers, and personnel officers were asked about the number and percentages of non-whites worki...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Employment Practices; Journalism; Minority Groups; News Reporting; Newspapers; Occupational Surveys; Personnel Integration; Population Distribution
|ERIC ED251966: Supplemental Employment among Alabama Teachers. Occasional Papers in Educational Policy Analysis: Paper No. 412. - ERIC|
Survey results document patterns of, and reasons for, supplemental employment among Alabama public school teachers. For background information, the respondents' opinions of education and other public services in Alabama, of teaching as a career, and of teacher salaries are also examined. Following a description of the survey process, in which 504 teachers were interviewed by telephone, generalizations about the data are presented...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Elementary Secondary Education; Employment Patterns; Occupational Surveys; Public School Teachers; Teacher Characteristics; Teacher Salaries; Work Attitudes
|ERIC ED257153: Communication in Quality Circles: Members' Perceptions of Their Participation and Its Effects on Related Organizational Communication Variables. - ERIC|
A survey was conducted of 102 active quality circle members drawn from five organizations to determine how quality circle participation affected communication, as perceived by members themselves. The survey consisted of two parts. The first part contained ten open-ended questions inquiring about the respondent's personal experience in quality circles. The second part of the survey consisted of the communication portion of Likert's Profile of Organizational Characteristics...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Employer Employee Relationship; Group Dynamics; Influences; Interpersonal Communication; Labor Relations; Occupational Surveys; Organizational Communication; Power Structure
|ERIC ED309421: Professional Orientations of Sports Journalists: Their Role in Journalism. - ERIC|
Because little scholarly or industry research has reviewed the position of sports journalists on the matter of professionalism, a study analyzed newspaper sports journalists' evaluations of their professional orientations and their perceptions of the orientations of their colleagues who write "hard" and "soft" news. The study employed a national mail survey of 624 members of the Associated Press Sports Editors in 1988; 249 usable responses were received for a reponse rate of 40 percent...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Analysis of Variance; Athletics; Journalism; News Writing; Newspapers; Occupational Surveys; Professional Recognition; Self Evaluation (Groups)
|ERIC ED307683: Organizational Incentives, Teacher Commitment, Morale, and Job Satisfaction: Is the Program Achieving Its Goals? - ERIC|
The purposes of this study were to compare first- and second-year career-ladder teachers on the basis of their levels of teacher commitment to schools, faculty morale, and job satisfaction and to analyze the variables that explain commitment, morale, and job satisfaction. Five hundred teachers, 250 first-year career-ladder teachers and 250 second-year career-ladder teachers, were selected at random from a midwestern state...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Career Ladders; Elementary Secondary Education; Job Satisfaction; Occupational Surveys; Public Schools; Teacher Attitudes; Teacher Morale
|ERIC ED309469: Applying the French Minitel Model to U.S. Consumer Videotex: The Case of the Electronic Directory Service. - ERIC|
In view of the recent deregulatory developments in the United States' telecommunications industry, it is useful to reassess the issue of consumer videotex, especially as it relates to the implementation of electronic directory services. The success of the French videotex network Minitel relies on 10 principles: (1) cost of terminals; (2) no-frills terminals; (3) understanding the needs and wants of videotex users; (4) proper timing of introduction; (5) centralized authority to manage the videote...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Computers; Delivery Systems; Directories; Electronic Equipment; Foreign Countries; Information Networks; Information Technology; Occupational Surveys; Online Systems; Telecommunications; Videotex
|ERIC ED298067: To Survey American Crafts: A Planning Study. Research Division Report #2. - ERIC|
The purpose of this planning study about crafts in the United States is to provide preliminary data and information prior to a national crafts' survey by the National Endowment of the Arts. This study reports on: (1) the preparation of a systematic classification of U.S. crafts; (2) attempts to group and classify crafts people and their organizations into a system; (3) estimates of the number of crafts people and crafts' organizations; (4) geographical distribution of crafts people; and (5) sugg...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Classification; Craft Workers; Data Collection; Data Interpretation; Demography; Geographic Distribution; Handicrafts; National Surveys; Occupational Surveys; Planning; Research Projects
|ERIC ED341027: What Do You Mean I Have To Be a Writer? I Teach Reading: A Comparative Study of the Writing of Reading Teachers and the Writing Activities of Undergraduate Reading Methods Students. - ERIC|
To develop courses which would emphasize instruction in writing specifically needed to successfully carry out the professional responsibilities of a reading teacher, a study surveyed inservice reading teachers about their writing activities and compared those results with the writing activities required of preservice reading teachers in existing courses. Recent past graduates of a graduate program in reading education were surveyed regarding the nature and frequency of their writing activities, ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Comparative Analysis; Higher Education; Occupational Surveys; Preservice Teacher Education; Reading Teachers; Undergraduate Students; Writing Attitudes
|ERIC ED330007: The Development of Public Relations To Meet the New European Market. - ERIC|
The development of public relations follows when economic development and democracy thrive. EC 1992, with its plans for the European Common Market Community, is a public relations opportunity for U.S. public relations firms. In a survey of 31 firms, 6 owned or were owned by networks, 17 had membership in a network, 8 had no public relations network, and two-thirds indicated that EC 1992 was a great opportunity...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Change Strategies; Communication Research; Economic Change; Foreign Countries; Global Approach; Occupational Surveys; Professional Education; Public Relations
|ERIC ED310398: Surviving to the Top: A Study of Minority Newspaper Executives. - ERIC|
A study was conducted to determine how minority news executives, assistant managing editors or higher, had gotten started on their newspaper careers, what their experiences had been as minorities in the newsroom, and what suggestions they had for improving the population of minority newsroom executives. Subjects, 42 minority news executives whose names were obtained from the membership lists of national minority journalists' professional associations, responded to a survey that asked about issue...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrator Role; Administrators; Editors; Journalism; Minority Groups; Newspapers; Occupational Surveys; Promotion (Occupational); Racial Composition; Racial Discrimination; Racial Relations
|ERIC ED310447: What's Ethical and What's Not in Electronic Journalism: Perceptions of News Directors. Radio-Television Journalism. - ERIC|
A study examined the perceptions about what is and is not ethical behavior in electronic journalism. Subjects, 220 television news directors and 66 radio news directors, responded to a 117-item survey of ethics in electronic journalism. Results indicated that the news directors identified: (1) 10 "acceptable" behaviors, including working a second job, entering journalistic contests, and going "undercover" for a story; (2) 20 "unacceptable" behaviors, including taking "freebies," doing commercial...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Measures; Codes of Ethics; Ethics; Media Research; News Media; News Reporting; Occupational Surveys; Radio; Television
|ERIC ED232173: Sex and the Bottom Line: Income Differences among Women and Men in Public Relations. - ERIC|
Two studies tested the hypothesis that the annual salaries of women in public relations are significantly less than those of men of equal education, professional experience, and length of employment with their current organization. A second hypothesis included organizational role status as a variable. The first study surveyed members of four communications and publications associations, in San Diego, California, including the Public Relations Society of America (PRSA), and the second study surve...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Comparative Analysis; Employment Qualifications; Females; Males; Occupational Surveys; Public Relations; Salaries; Sex Bias; Sex Differences
|ERIC ED386229: Survey of Small Business Training Needs. - ERIC|
In September 1994, the San Diego Community College District conducted a survey of the training needs of small businesses in the District's service area, defining small businesses as those with fewer than 100 employees. Surveys were mailed to 3,622 local companies in industries determined to have smaller businesses, while completed surveys were received from 761 companies for a response rate of 21%...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Community Colleges; Employer Attitudes; Job Training; Needs Assessment; Occupational Surveys; School Business Relationship; Small Businesses; Two Year Colleges
|ERIC ED376858: The Job Market for Business Librarians: 1983-1992. - ERIC|
This paper analyzes a total of 235 job advertisements for business librarians from 1983 through 1992 listed in "Library Journal,""American Libraries,""C & RL News,""SpeciaList," and the Eastern edition of "The Wall Street Journal." Each advertisement was examined for level of job; type of employing institution; geographic location; minimum salary; Master of Library Science (MLS) requirement; degrees other than MLS; years of experience; and types of experience or skills...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Degree Requirements; Employment Opportunities; Employment Patterns; Employment Qualifications; Employment Statistics; Labor Market; Librarians; Library Personnel; Occupational Surveys
|ERIC ED361702: The American Journalist in the 1990s. - ERIC|
Following up on similar studies done in 1971 and 1982-83, a study surveyed American journalists in 1992 to develop a statistical profile of the "typical" journalist and to see how today's journalists compare with those of 10 or 20 years ago. Telephone interviews were conducted during the summer of 1992 with 1410 journalists. Subjects in the main probability sample of 1156 were chosen randomly from news organizations also selected randomly; response rate was 81%...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Comparative Analysis; Higher Education; Journalism; Journalism Education; National Surveys; News Media; Occupational Surveys; Organizational Change; Profiles; Work Attitudes
|ERIC ED220183: Occupational Suitability and Competence Attributed to Male Teachers of Young Children. - ERIC|
The issue of negative bias against men in the female-dominated field of early childhood education is explored in three field studies focusing on the opinions of university students in education about male and female early childhood teachers and about selected teaching behaviors of men and women in this specialty. The first study investigated rapport between teachers and young children, comparing the rapport attributed to male teachers with that attributed to female teachers...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Early Childhood Education; Males; Occupational Surveys; Rapport; Sex Bias; Student Attitudes; Teaching Skills; Undergraduate Students
|ERIC ED226060: The Role of Academic Ability in High-Level Accomplishment and General Success. - ERIC|
The relationship of measures of academic ability and grades with high level accomplishment was examined by extensively reviewing a wide ranging literature. This literature included studies of the highly creative, scientists and technicians, physicians, high- and middle-level managers, and high school and college students. The Terman studies of the gifted were also reviewed. Finally, studies of occupational attainment and income were examined...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Ability; Aptitude Tests; Biographical Inventories; Grade Point Average; High Achievement; Occupational Surveys; Predictive Validity; Profiles; Success
|ERIC ED223985: Survey of Reader Preferences Concerning the Format of NASA Technical Reports. - ERIC|
This report presents the results of internal and external surveys of engineers and scientists at Langley Research Center and in the academic and industrial communities concerning the format of technical reports of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). After stating the purpose of the study and defining the terms, the report examines the history and growth of technical report literature, the use and assessment of NASA technical reports, audience analysis as a function of repor...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Illustrations; Layout (Publications); Military Organizations; Occupational Surveys; Reading Habits; Reading Research; Research Reports; Technical Writing
|ERIC ED309424: Chilling the Messenger: The Impact of Libel on Community Newspapers. - ERIC|
A study used a new attitude and behavioral scale for measuring the chilling effect--an undercurrent of fear with respect to publishing decisions--and to determine the impact, if any, of threatened or actual libel suits on community newspapers. The editors and/or publishers of all 167 newspapers in Kentucky with a circulation of less than 50,000 were surveyed by mail, with 69 completed questionnaires returned...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Measures; Behavior Rating Scales; Court Litigation; Legal Problems; Mail Surveys; Media Research; Newspapers; Occupational Surveys
|ERIC ED309481: Practitioners' Use of Research and Theory in One-Way and Two-Way Environments. - ERIC|
A study explored whether public relations practitioners in one-way environments (press agentry/publicity and public information) and in two-way environments (asymmetric and symmetric) have different general attitudes toward research and whether they use social science techniques differently. A mail survey of 200 randomly chosen public relations persons (of whom 111 responded for a return rate of 56%) examined the extent to which they understand, use, and conduct research; the extent to which the...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Analysis of Variance; Occupational Surveys; Organizational Climate; Public Relations; Research and Development; Social Science Research; Theory Practice Relationship
|ERIC ED378421: Employment Outlook Survey. 2nd Quarter 1995. - ERIC|
The trend toward continued job growth will gain strength in the second quarter of 1995, according to a survey of more than 15,000 U.S. businesses. Hiring increases were predicted by 30 percent of the firms, whereas 7 percent expect their work force to decrease. The net hiring strength of 23 is the highest level seen since the third quarter of 1989 and compares to a net hiring strength of 20 in the survey a year ago...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Employment Opportunities; Employment Patterns; Employment Projections; Employment Statistics; Futures (of Society); Labor Needs; Occupational Surveys
|ERIC ED309441: The Music Critic in the American Press: A Nationwide Survey of Newspapers and Magazines. - ERIC|
Despite the pervasive presence of popular music in society and the continued controversy over its effects on children and teen-agers, the recording industry has received only fragmentary (though increasing) attention from mass media researchers. To gain evidence of the level of literacy of today's music critics, a study examined the tastes, prejudices, and predispositions of an important group of gatekeepers of popular taste--the music critics...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Mass Media Role; Media Research; Multiple Regression Analysis; Newspapers; Occupational Surveys; Periodicals; Popular Culture; Popular Music; Press Opinion
|ERIC ED357511: Teaching, Administrative, and Others Work Experience of Public School Principals. Issue Brief. - ERIC|
The National Center for Education Statistics 1990-91 Schools and Staffing Survey examined the prior work experience of elementary and secondary public school principals. The survey found that 98.7 percent of principals had taught an average of 10.6 years before taking their administrative positions. The number of years of teaching increased with age; those under 40 spent an average of 8 years teaching, and those 50 or over spent an average of 11.3 years teaching...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Administrator Characteristics; Administrator Effectiveness; Administrator Qualifications; Elementary Secondary Education; Occupational Surveys; Principals; Public Schools; Work Experience
|ERIC ED217482: Institutional Stress: Conflicting Normative Models in the Catholic Press. - ERIC|
To determine whether the diocesan newspapers of the Catholic church are based on an autonomous, adversarial model or on an institutional, public relations model of the press, a survey was conducted of 148 editors and 145 bishops or publishers of such newspapers. Results showed that the editors and bishops agreed on the three major roles of the diocesan press--providing news of significance to Catholics, intradiocesan communication, and religious education--but ranked them in opposite order...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitudes; Catholics; Church Responsibility; Freedom of Speech; Journalism; Media Research; Newspapers; Occupational Surveys; Priests; Role Conflict
|ERIC ED385856: The Write Stuff: Employment and Earnings of Authors, 1970 to 1990. - ERIC|
A study surveyed and synthesized available information about the employment and earnings of authors over the 1970-1990 period. Data came from United States and other government censuses, a variety of surveys of authors, and from records of writers' unions and professional organizations. Results indicated that: (1) the author occupation is growing rapidly; (2) authors are concentrated in states along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts; (3) members of the author profession are well educated; (4) auth...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Authors; Employment Patterns; Higher Education; Occupational Surveys; Salary Wage Differentials; Sex Differences; Wages; Writing Research
|ERIC ED335668: How Professionals View Portfolio Assessment. Literacy Research Report No. 10. - ERIC|
A study compared results of a 1990 survey of educators to determine growth in knowledge and use of portfolio assessment. The study aimed to report the reactions and feelings of educators who use or may plan portfolios. A total of 173 educators from Illinois enrolled in a literacy workshop sponsored by a midwestern reading association answered a questionnaire that asked them to rank on a 5-point scale their familiarity with portfolios in 4 areas: knowledge, content, theoretical bases, and practic...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Elementary Secondary Education; Evaluation Research; Literacy; Occupational Surveys; Portfolios (Background Materials); Student Evaluation; Teacher Attitudes; Writing Evaluation